Though some dispute about the Janissaries' foundation in Ottoman history, the devshirme system was founded in the early era of Ottomans, probably during Orhan's reign due to his relationship with Bektashi sect through his brother. From their foundation to their removal, the Janissary troops remained the backbone of the Ottoman army; they were perhaps the best organized and centralized army among their contemporaries in Europe when they were founded.
As a well-organized army located in the capital during peace times, the Janissaries held a considerable threat for their enemies both outside and inside of the state. Janissaries had a key role in the Ottoman princes' crowning, and they usually used their power to crown the prince who they favored.
They also initiated rebellions against Ottoman sultans who were acting against their interests, and they sided with common folk and ulema on these occasions. The reason for this alliance was that the janissary soldiers' held common interests with citizens; janissaries had alternative jobs such as shopkeepers because of the economic problems that the Ottoman state faced especially after sixteenth century, and the measures that Ottoman Sultans took affected both once distinct now embedded classes in similar ways.
Most of the sultans who tried to abolish or replace the Janissaries to increase their authority over state suffered from these different classes' alliance, and they were dethroned, and in some extraordinary cases like Osman II, were killed. The historians such as Berkes, Lewis, and Shaw tend to explain these revolts against the Sultans as conservative acts of Janissaries and common folk who were against reformation and westernization , but one should not forget that these rebellions were also reactions of the mentioned classes against increasing centralization and its limiting effects on their daily lives.
Selim III, who tried to implement the Nizam-i Cedid army and financed it with additional taxes, was dethroned by a rebellion that was supported by not only janissaries but also common folk. Mahmud II learned from the mistakes of Selim III, and he never faced two different enemies at the same time when he tried to increase his authority.
Be sure that your thesis has a point that can be adequately argued in the space alloted for the final paper word count and isn't considered an established fact. List at least three points that you intend to use to prove your thesis. These can be in bullet-point form at the proposal stage. Provide a bibliography of relevant books and journal articles you have found. List them in an appropriate citation format. MLA and Chicago are both appropriate style guides to use for citations in a history paper.
Based in Montreal, Quebec, Jennifer Smith has been writing manuals and culture-related articles since Her work has appeared in The Strand newspaper. She studied art history at the University of Toronto and holds a library and information technician diploma from Seneca College. The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language. You've been scribbling notes in your history notebook all semester and now it's time to hand something in. Determine the title of your paper and write this in bold centered at the top of the page.
Tips A history paper proposal should be one page, single spaced unless otherwise stated by your professor. Visit your tutorial leader or professor during their office hours and discuss any concerns you may have. References Concordia University Libraries: About the Author Based in Montreal, Quebec, Jennifer Smith has been writing manuals and culture-related articles since Photo Credits history image by Ewe Degiampietro from Fotolia.
Effective Proposal-Writing Style (for History students) Contributed by B. Zakarin, Office of Fellowships, [email protected] Posted: This is appropriate in a research proposal because.
Generally students and amateur researchers do not have in depth knowledge on how to write a research proposal in the field of history. Both groups do not even value the importance of research proposals. To put it candidly, a research will be a good research if the research proposal is excellent.
In history courses, some professors require written paper proposals; these are an opportunity for the professor to get to know your research interests and help guide you to better resources and a . Dec 19, · If you are writing a thesis proposal, you could use this format if it works for the theme of your thesis. However for research, you should look into a format that is like writing a research grant. It could look something like this, but check with a scientific journal or the company that you are requesting a research fund from to see if they have specific formatting sinres.gqs:
History Research Paper Proposal Date: Title: Abolishment of Janissaries. Historical Question: How did Mahmud II abolish the Janissaries and what were its effects? [Read here how to develop a good historical question.] Though some dispute about the Janissaries' foundation in Ottoman history, the devshirme system was founded in the early era. Information for Students: Writing a Research Proposal. Baylor University; Wong, Paul T. P. How to Write a Research Proposal. International Network on Personal Meaning. Trinity Western University; Writing Academic Proposals: Conferences, Articles, and Books. The Writing Lab and The OWL. Purdue University; Writing a Research Proposal. University Library.